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Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder that causes sugar, in the form of glucose,
to accumulate in the blood rather than being used as fuel by the cells of our body.

The pancreas produces a hormone called insulin, a chemical messenger essential for the entry of glucose into cells.

A family history of diabetes does not increase your risk of developing diabetes.

Diabetes is diagnosed when fasting blood glucose is 126 mg/dL or higher on 2 separate laboratory tests.

A test which measures hemoglobin A1c at 9% or higher on three separate occasions is diagnostic of diabetes.

Diabetic kidney disease is a serious complication that remains the leading cause of kidney failure requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation.

Damage to large blood vessels may cause heart attacks, strokes and blood flow problems that can lead to foot ulcers or amputations.

For persons diagnosed with diabetes there is no need to carry out other lab tests such as monitoring of blood cholesterol,
triglyceride levels, urine protein tests for liver function.

If weight loss, improved diet, and exercise do not reduce blood glucose levels adequately the next step is medication.

Hypoglycemia occurs when the blood glucose is too high.

Healthy diet, exercise, a self-management plan and maintaining healthy body weight are important aspects of diabetes management.

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Jointly sponsored by the Annenberg Center for Health Sciences at Eisenhower and Prime Medic Inc. in collaboration with Postgraduate Institute for Medicine.

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This website is part of The Animated Patient™ Series developed by Prime Medic Inc., to provide highly developed visual formats of learning for patients to improve their understanding, make informed decisions, and partner with their health care professionals for optimal outcomes.